Friday, April 2, 2010

Good Friday: Crucianus + Christianus

Galatians 2:20 "I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me." Luke 14:27 "And whoever does not bear his cross and come after Me cannot be My disciple." Matthew 10:38 "And he who does not take his cross and follow after Me is not worthy of Me." Matthew 16:24 "Then Jesus said to His disciples, "If anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow Me." Galatians 6:14 "But God forbid that I should boast except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world."

LUTHER: “Whoever is no crucianus, if I may so express it, is also no christianus. That is to say, he who does not bear the cross is no Christian; he is not like his Master Christ.”

(St. L. II:467, cited in Pieper's Christian Dogmatics, III:70.)


Matthias Flacius said...

I looked this up in the StL Ed. This comes from Luther's lectures on Genesis 29:1-3. Pieper's citation is accurate.

Luther addresses the topic of how to respond to the promise of grace given in Christ via the sacraments. We should not become lazy but live out the grace given us in our vocation (Beruf). This includes resistance to sins and thus the cross. (My paraphrase) Great quote. I assume it's in the Luther Works volumes on Genesis.

Rev. Joel A. Brondos said...

If you have the StL at hand, could you type the key sentence in the original language?

In Pieper, crucianus, but in Luther's Works, that is translated as "CROSStian" which has a nice ring to it compared to "CHRIStian." This is what I used in the Good Friday evening sermon.

Matthias Flacius said...

In StL Ed the words "crucianus" and "Christianus" remain in Latin as Pieper has it.

This word, "crucianus" is interesting because it relates to medieval monastic preachers use of the phrase, "cruciatus" as the source for the word, "crux." I will send you more information in personal correspondence.